Organisation Name
American Petroleum Institute (API)
InfluenceMap Query
Energy Policy and Mix
Data Source
Main Web Site
 
 

Score for this Data / Query Cell

-1.23

InfluenceMap has researched and collated the following pieces of evidence associated with the data source and query indicated above. Extraordinary information is indicated by a coloured flag in the upper right corner. Evidence items in order of data inputted with exceptional items first.

 

Generally supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Advocating for policy makers to support fracking ('The impacts of a fracking ban', Corporate website, Jan 2020)

Extract from Source:

Hard-earned economic progress and opportunity – illustrated in Colorado, Pennsylvania, New Mexico, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Virginia and Michigan, thanks largely to America’s energy transformation – could be lost if the U.S. energy revolution is halted by banning fracking or ending new federal natural gas and oil leasing, as some advocate. Ending hydraulic fracturing would cause significant impacts to the U.S. economy and household energy costs, and increase our dependence on foreign energy, according to soon-to-be-released independent analysis.

Created: 28/01/2020 Last edited: 29/01/2020

 

Supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Supporting continued development of oil and gas ('Climate Change', corporate website, 2020)

Extract from Source:

API and its members advocate for government policies that ensure the availability and continued development of affordable, reliable and sustainable energy, including oil and natural gas supplies and products derived from them, to consumers

Created: 22/01/2020 Last edited: 22/01/2020

 

Strongly supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

The API is advocating for measures that will ensure a high GHG emissions energy mix. (Corporate Website, SOAE 2019 Report, p.38)

Extract from Source:

EXPAND OFFSHORE AND ONSHORE ACCESS The federal government should implement a robust, strategic offshore natural gas and oil leasing program to lay the foundation for critical production that will underpin America’s energy security for decadesto come, while streamlining review and permitting processes to facilitate onshore development. Increasing access to the nation’s natural gas and oil reserves is vital to meeting the country’s energy needs. Offshore natural gas and oil reserves can take a decade or more to develop, so access now will help secure continued growth in the future. Expanded access increases production that promotes economic growth, generating hundreds of thousands of well-paying jobs and billions of dollars in revenues to governments.

Created: 10/01/2019 Last edited: 10/01/2019

 

Strongly supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Directly advocating for measures that will maintain a high GHG energy mix (Impacts of Restricting Fossil Fuels Report, April 2017, p 3)

Extract from Source:

U.S. policies of “keep it in the ground” (KIG) generate the following impacts relative to the EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Reference Case. The keep it in the ground scenario includes no new oil and natural gas leases on private, State or federal lands, a ban on hydraulic fracturing, no new or expansions of existing coal mines, and no new energy infrastructure to transport oil and natural gas within and outside of North America. The KIG scenario model projects the following potential impacts: The KIG scenario leads to significantly higher energy prices, with oil prices $40 per barrel higher by 2040 and natural gas prices $21 per MMBtu higher than in the reference case. Retail electricity prices increase by 24 percent in 2020 and 56% in 2040. Domestic production of crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGLs) decreases by 6 million barrels per day (MMbpd) in 2020 and 11.7 MMbpd in 2040 while natural gas production decreases by 25 and 81 billion cubic feet per day (Bcfd) in the same years respectively relative to the reference case. These higher energy prices and lower domestic fossil energy production lead to lower economic growth with a cumulative loss in GDP of $823 (real 2009$) billion by 2020 and $11.8 (real 2009$) trillion by 2040. Job losses associated with the KIG scenario in 2020 were estimated to by 4.1 million and in 2040 were as high as 5.9 million. Net liquid petroleum imports increase by 6 MMbpd in 2020 and 11 MMbpd in 2040. Economy‐wide energy expenditures increase by a cumulative $470 million by 2020 and $8.8 trillion by 2040 despite reduced energy consumption. In 2020 the increase equates to $1,900 per household and by 2040 the increase is $4,440. While coal prices rise due to limiting production capability in each region, overall coal consumption rises relative to the reference case due to fuel switching in the power sector. Economy‐wide energy related CO2 emissions decrease from the reference case by 3 percent in 2020 and 13 percent in 2040.

Created: 11/04/2017 Last edited: 11/04/2017

 

Strongly supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Advocating policy makers: support unconventional oil and gas production including fracking; expand offshore oil and gas production; oppose EV tax credits and subsidies; oppose biofuel mandates ('Policy Pathways', Corporate website, 2020)

Extract from Source:

Policy Priorities To Continue U.S. Energy Progress Natural gas and oil power America’s 21st-century economy, strengthen our nation’s security and support U.S. global leadership in reducing greenhouse gases. Expand U.S. Energy Infrastructure Support American Energy Development Remove U.S. Trade Barriers and Open Global Markets Level the Playing Field for Transportation Adopt Climate Solutions Unlock Innovation and Cultivate Partnerships For example, modernizing the National Environmental Policy Act’s (NEPA) maze of permitting rules is necessary to the sustainable development of the nation’s vast energy resources. […[ The federal government should expand offshore natural gas and oil leasing opportunities to promote continued domestic production since offshore natural gas and oil reserves can take over 10 years to develop and will help to secure our country’s long-term security.  […] Consumer-friendly transportation policies require a free-market approach to ensure a level-playing field for all Americans. Government mandates and subsidies harm consumers by unfairly disrupting market decisions. For example, biofuel mandates distort the marketplace to use products that can damage vehicles, while electric vehicle (EV) tax credits subsidize upper-income households purchasing luxury vehicles at the expense of taxpayers. […] Electric vehicles can and should coexist with internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEV) on our roadways in a vibrant, free market. However, subsidies for EV purchases disproportionately advantage upper-income households, and many federal and state transportation policies exempt EV owners from paying their fair share for road maintenance and repair. […] Fuel policies should safeguard consumers against unfair subsidies and mandates that do not harm all U.S. consumers.[…] The natural gas and oil industry’s continued advancement of engineering technologies over time, such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling, benefit the nation’s economic strength and energy security.

Created: 28/01/2020 Last edited: 28/01/2020

 

Supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Arguing energy policies which would reduce oil and gas production would lead to an increase in energy prices for consumers or hundreds 'if not thousands' of dollars; Supporting long term role for natural gas and oil in the energy mix; not supporting a Green New Deal and suggesting it is economically not feasible; encouraging increased oil and gas production ('API on Tonight's Presidential Debate', corporate website, June 2019)

Extract from Source:

Restrictive energy policies that prohibit natural gas and oil would freeze the American energy revolution in its tracks and the average American household could see its costs jump hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars due to increased costs for transportation fuel, electricity, home heating, and other goods and services. Electricity prices alone could increase an average of over 50 percent. As it stands, the United States leads the world in both reduction of carbon dioxide emissions and in production of oil and natural gas. Carbon dioxide emissions from power generation have plunged to nearly 30-year lows primarily because of greater availability of clean natural gas. In fact, more than 60 percent of the carbon dioxide reductions in the electric power sector from 2005 to 2016 are due to fuel switching from higher emission generation to natural gas generation. Instead of throwing the baby out with the bath water, America’s policy leaders should pursue energy policies that value the resilience of a diverse energy portfolio. With realistic, innovative and forward-thinking energy policies, we can ensure the U.S. energy renaissance continues to provide benefits for American consumers, workers and the environment while building on the natural gas and oil industry’s efforts to do our part to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from energy production. […] The Green New Deal: The Right Deal For America? Any proposal that would fundamentally reorder American energy – and the way of life in this country – must be measured not only on its impact on greenhouse gas carbon emissions, but also by its impacts on Americans from coast-to-coast, the economy and the country’s opportunity for future prosperity. So while the Green New Deal is laudable in its goal of reducing carbon dioxide emissions, the current limitations of technology and uncertainty of scaling renewable infrastructure obscure its potential impact. […] The natural gas and oil industry is already is a significant contributor to the federal treasury – more than many other sectors. Our industry already contributes tens of millions of dollars a day on average to the federal government in taxes, rents and royalties. To raise revenues for government, implement additional pro-development energy policies that foster increased industry activity that will generate more tax receipts, rents and royalties.    

Created: 22/01/2020 Last edited: 22/01/2020

 

Generally supporting high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

The API appears to be generally supporting high GHG emissions energy mix. (Corporate Website, 2019 State of American Energy Report, p.27)

Extract from Source:

Natural gas and oil provide power that is essential in Americans’ daily lives. Natural gas heats homes, prepares meals and fuels generation of a third of our electricity. Oil powers transportation, ensuring freedom of movement and supporting the broader economy. No other energy source can match natural gas and oil for reliability and consistency across a nation as large as the United States.

Created: 10/01/2019 Last edited: 10/01/2019

 

Generally supporting high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Supporting the permanent (as opposed to transitional) role of natural gas in the energy mix ('The Right Road to Clean Power', API Website 2015)

Extract from Source:

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) describes President Obama’s Clean Power Plan (CPP) as a “historic” step forward in reducing carbon emissions from power plants. However, a closer look reveals yet another government preference for renewable power that ignores the current contributions and future potential for natural gas, nuclear and hydroelectric power. In many ways, it’s as if the administration has charted a path forward that completely ignores the energy superhighway that is built on the back of traditional zero- and low-emissions power sources. Instead, the CPP quietly steers the American electricity sector toward an off-roading adventure down an uncertain path with an unclear future. [...] All energy sources have a role to play in supplying America’s energy needs. But using regulatory authority to benefit one power source over another in electricity generation could stifle innovation, destroy jobs and raise energy bills for those who can least afford it. [...] In the 25 states with above average emission rates, targeted switching to natural gas could reduce emissions below EPA goals. Yet EPA seeks to downplay natural gas use. This is what happens when ideology and politics trump science.

Created: 17/03/2016 Last edited: 11/04/2017

 

Supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Evidence suggests not supporting transition of energy mix and supporting long term role for oil and gas ('Debunking commom myths', Corporate website, 2020)

Extract from Source:

For those reporting on tonight’s presidential primary debate, please see below for the Facts debunking some frequently heard talking points about America’s energy future: Myth 1: Plans that mandate a transition to renewable energy will create jobs that pay as well as the union jobs that will be lost. The Facts  Myth 2: Americans who lose their job in the natural gas and oil industry can easily transition to a new job working in renewable energy. The Facts  Myth 3: A ban on U.S. natural gas and oil exports will help reduce CO2 emissions. The Facts  Myth 4: Iowa would benefit from policies limiting natural gas and oil. The Facts  “The risks of climate change are real and so the solutions must be real as well. Policy proposals that hide the key role of natural gas and oil in powering America towards a brighter, cleaner energy future are more focused on powering applause lines than power lines, and can delay progress towards finding real policy solutions,” API’s Director of Communications Ben Marter said.

Created: 23/01/2020 Last edited: 23/01/2020

 

Supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Supporting unconventional oil production (Corporate Website, 2019)

Extract from Source:

The link between hydraulic fracturing and U.S. global leadership in oil and natural gas production is direct: Without fracking, there’d be no American energy renaissance – or the array of benefits it is providing to our economy, to individual households, U.S. manufacturers and other businesses. [...] Fracking is the key to unlocking vast U.S. shale resources, freeing up oil and natural gas that previously was inaccessible while protecting groundwater supplies and the environment.  America’s shale energy revolution is privately financed and technologically driven.

Created: 16/01/2019 Last edited: 22/01/2020

 

Unclear position on transition of energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Supporting continued use of natural gas, although unclear if supporting its use as transition fuel (Corporate Website, November 2017)

Extract from Source:

Clean. Reliable. Affordable. These are the three big benefits of natural gas. And together they continue to change the energy landscape in this country and beyond. American natural gas is a solution that has forever altered the world's energy equation by: Generating the power we need for our homes and businesses; Providing the building blocks for our manufacturing renaissance; Making our nation and our allies more secure; Propelling the next generation of clean transportation on our roads, oceans and waterways. [...] Natural gas emits half the CO2 emissions of coal when used to generate electricity. And since 2005, the use of natural gas by power plants that generate electricity has increased dramatically. Natural gas now accounts for nearly a third of all the power that is produced in the United States and will be the single source of power generation in 2016. That's the biggest reason why levels of carbon dioxide in the air are the lowest they have been in nearly 25 years. [...] More natural gas means affordable natural gas. And America has a lot of natural gas which means long-term stable and affordable prices. To put the amount of natural gas the U.S. has in perspective think about this:  In 2015 across every home, business and power plant that used natural gas the United States consumed about 27.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. According to the latest IHS study, there is 800 trillion cubic feet available that can be developed for $3 or less. Even more remarkable? There is twice as much gas or 1,400 trillion cubic feet recoverable for just a dollar more.

Created: 10/11/2017 Last edited: 10/11/2017