Organisation Name
American Petroleum Institute (API)
InfluenceMap Query
Energy Policy and Mix
Data Source
Main Web Site
 
 

Score for this Data / Query Cell

-1.21

InfluenceMap has researched and collated the following pieces of evidence associated with the data source and query indicated above. Extraordinary information is indicated by a coloured flag in the upper right corner. Evidence items in order of data inputted with exceptional items first.

 

Generally supporting high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Supporting the permanent (as opposed to transitional) role of natural gas in the energy mix ('The Right Road to Clean Power', API Website 2015)

Extract from Source:

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) describes President Obama’s Clean Power Plan (CPP) as a “historic” step forward in reducing carbon emissions from power plants. However, a closer look reveals yet another government preference for renewable power that ignores the current contributions and future potential for natural gas, nuclear and hydroelectric power. In many ways, it’s as if the administration has charted a path forward that completely ignores the energy superhighway that is built on the back of traditional zero- and low-emissions power sources. Instead, the CPP quietly steers the American electricity sector toward an off-roading adventure down an uncertain path with an unclear future. [...] All energy sources have a role to play in supplying America’s energy needs. But using regulatory authority to benefit one power source over another in electricity generation could stifle innovation, destroy jobs and raise energy bills for those who can least afford it. [...] In the 25 states with above average emission rates, targeted switching to natural gas could reduce emissions below EPA goals. Yet EPA seeks to downplay natural gas use. This is what happens when ideology and politics trump science.

Created: 17/03/2016 Last edited: 11/04/2017

 

Generally supporting high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

The API appears to be generally supporting high GHG emissions energy mix. (Corporate Website, 2019 State of American Energy Report, p.27)

Extract from Source:

Natural gas and oil provide power that is essential in Americans’ daily lives. Natural gas heats homes, prepares meals and fuels generation of a third of our electricity. Oil powers transportation, ensuring freedom of movement and supporting the broader economy. No other energy source can match natural gas and oil for reliability and consistency across a nation as large as the United States.

Created: 10/01/2019 Last edited: 10/01/2019

 

Strongly supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Directly advocating for measures that will maintain a high GHG energy mix (Impacts of Restricting Fossil Fuels Report, April 2017, p 3)

Extract from Source:

U.S. policies of “keep it in the ground” (KIG) generate the following impacts relative to the EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Reference Case. The keep it in the ground scenario includes no new oil and natural gas leases on private, State or federal lands, a ban on hydraulic fracturing, no new or expansions of existing coal mines, and no new energy infrastructure to transport oil and natural gas within and outside of North America. The KIG scenario model projects the following potential impacts: The KIG scenario leads to significantly higher energy prices, with oil prices $40 per barrel higher by 2040 and natural gas prices $21 per MMBtu higher than in the reference case. Retail electricity prices increase by 24 percent in 2020 and 56% in 2040. Domestic production of crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGLs) decreases by 6 million barrels per day (MMbpd) in 2020 and 11.7 MMbpd in 2040 while natural gas production decreases by 25 and 81 billion cubic feet per day (Bcfd) in the same years respectively relative to the reference case. These higher energy prices and lower domestic fossil energy production lead to lower economic growth with a cumulative loss in GDP of $823 (real 2009$) billion by 2020 and $11.8 (real 2009$) trillion by 2040. Job losses associated with the KIG scenario in 2020 were estimated to by 4.1 million and in 2040 were as high as 5.9 million. Net liquid petroleum imports increase by 6 MMbpd in 2020 and 11 MMbpd in 2040. Economy‐wide energy expenditures increase by a cumulative $470 million by 2020 and $8.8 trillion by 2040 despite reduced energy consumption. In 2020 the increase equates to $1,900 per household and by 2040 the increase is $4,440. While coal prices rise due to limiting production capability in each region, overall coal consumption rises relative to the reference case due to fuel switching in the power sector. Economy‐wide energy related CO2 emissions decrease from the reference case by 3 percent in 2020 and 13 percent in 2040.

Created: 11/04/2017 Last edited: 11/04/2017

 

Strongly supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

The API is advocating for measures that will ensure a high GHG emissions energy mix. (Corporate Website, SOAE 2019 Report, p.38)

Extract from Source:

EXPAND OFFSHORE AND ONSHORE ACCESS The federal government should implement a robust, strategic offshore natural gas and oil leasing program to lay the foundation for critical production that will underpin America’s energy security for decadesto come, while streamlining review and permitting processes to facilitate onshore development. Increasing access to the nation’s natural gas and oil reserves is vital to meeting the country’s energy needs. Offshore natural gas and oil reserves can take a decade or more to develop, so access now will help secure continued growth in the future. Expanded access increases production that promotes economic growth, generating hundreds of thousands of well-paying jobs and billions of dollars in revenues to governments.

Created: 10/01/2019 Last edited: 10/01/2019

 

Unclear position on transition of energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Supporting continued use of natural gas, although unclear if supporting its use as transition fuel (Corporate Website, November 2017)

Extract from Source:

Clean. Reliable. Affordable. These are the three big benefits of natural gas. And together they continue to change the energy landscape in this country and beyond. American natural gas is a solution that has forever altered the world's energy equation by: Generating the power we need for our homes and businesses; Providing the building blocks for our manufacturing renaissance; Making our nation and our allies more secure; Propelling the next generation of clean transportation on our roads, oceans and waterways. [...] Natural gas emits half the CO2 emissions of coal when used to generate electricity. And since 2005, the use of natural gas by power plants that generate electricity has increased dramatically. Natural gas now accounts for nearly a third of all the power that is produced in the United States and will be the single source of power generation in 2016. That's the biggest reason why levels of carbon dioxide in the air are the lowest they have been in nearly 25 years. [...] More natural gas means affordable natural gas. And America has a lot of natural gas which means long-term stable and affordable prices. To put the amount of natural gas the U.S. has in perspective think about this:  In 2015 across every home, business and power plant that used natural gas the United States consumed about 27.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. According to the latest IHS study, there is 800 trillion cubic feet available that can be developed for $3 or less. Even more remarkable? There is twice as much gas or 1,400 trillion cubic feet recoverable for just a dollar more.

Created: 10/11/2017 Last edited: 10/11/2017

 

Supporting maintenance of high GHG emissions energy mix

InfluenceMap Comment:

Supporting unconventional oil production (Corporate Website, 2019)

Extract from Source:

The link between hydraulic fracturing and U.S. global leadership in oil and natural gas production is direct: Without fracking, there’d be no American energy renaissance – or the array of benefits it is providing to our economy, to individual households, U.S. manufacturers and other businesses. [...] Fracking is the key to unlocking vast U.S. shale resources, freeing up oil and natural gas that previously was inaccessible while protecting groundwater supplies and the environment.  America’s shale energy revolution is privately financed and technologically driven.

Created: 16/01/2019 Last edited: 16/01/2019