Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA)

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東京, 日本

Climate Lobbying Overview: The Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) appears to have mixed engagement with climate and energy regulation, supporting certain high level policy areas while lobbying negatively on others, including regulation on petrol and diesel engines.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: In December 2020, JAMA’s chair, Akio Toyoda, welcomed Japan's 2050 carbon neutrality target, stating in a press conference (according to Car Watch online report, Dec 2020) the auto industry will do its utmost to contribute to this goal. However, he emphasized that the target cannot be achieved without "breakthrough technology" innovation and that decarbonization has to be addressed across the supply chain in order to maintain competitiveness. He has suggested a need for strong government policy and financial support to meet this target, as seen in Europe, US, and China. In a press conference held in April 2021, (transcript published on JAMA blog webpage) the chair appears to again show broad support for climate neutrality targets, however, suggests there is no sole path in achieving this goal and that Japan needs an expansion/mix of technology option for GHG reduction. In the same statement, he indicates opposition towards regulation on diesel/gasoline engines, stating this could limit technology options and affect Japan’s competitiveness. On JAMA’s webpage, in a position statement under “long term global warming vison” accessed in April 2021, it appears to state support for major reduction in GHG emission from cars with eventually a net-zero target to be achieved through innovation. However, it is not clear if they aim to do this by 2050. JAMA’s position statement in their Environmental Strategy in 2019 featured GHG emission target for the automobile sector, only to 2030.
On a page published on JAMA’s blog in April 2021, they appear to acknowledge causal relationship between human activity, climate change and climate induced phenomena. The statement appears to support increased efforts to reduce emissions, but emphasizes the need to focus on reforming the energy mix rather than through the electrification of transport, stating the need to maintain a balance of vehicle types made available for consumers.

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: In a response submitted to EU consultation on CO2 emissions for cars and vans (revision of performance standards) in February 2021, JAMA opposed zero-emission CO2 standards for light duty vehicles in the EU, as well as higher EU CO2 standards for 2025 and 2030. In a press conference held in April 2021, JAMA’s chair, Akio Toyoda, appears to support the combined use of certain fuel types with ICE engines to reduce GHG emission from new and existing transport modes. However, in the same statement, he suggests that regulations and legislations should follow after the expansion in technology options, and that bans on gasoline-powered or diesel cars from the very beginning would limit such options, and could also cause Japan to lose its strengths. In a JAMAGAZINE publication in 2021, JAMA have stated the need for policy and financial support from the government for decarbonized energy infrastructure, charging point infrastructure, cheap clean hydrogen supply infrastructure, and electric vehicle incentives including subsidies and tax breaks. In 2019, through a statement on its website, JAMA has disclosed broad support for Japanese vehicle fuel efficiency, based on the Top Runner Program standards. This contrasts, however, with the group’s engagement on ambitious European vehicle GHG emission standards, which the group opposed in 2018 labelling “an unacceptable burden for vehicle manufacturers”. According to a media article (Sankei Biz, online) from 2017, JAMA showed opposition to a carbon pricing policy at a MoE committee meeting (中央環境審議会) held in October 2017.

Positioning on Energy Transition: Environmental statement on JAMA’s website, accessed in 2021 appears to support the uptake of next-generation vehicles (hybrid vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, clean diesel passenger vehicles, etc.) through the provision of government support including subsidies and tax reliefs, as well as investment into the needed infrastructure. In its strategy document “Long term vision for climate change mitigation”, JAMA appears to support increased infrastructure and provision of low/decarbonised energy sources in order to increase electrification of transportation (BEV/PHEV/FCEV). Online report published on Toyota News of a press conference held in December 2021 indicates the chair suggested Japanese EV target cannot be met unless the national energy mix and infrastructure investment are re-considered. He appears to also suggest that with the current energy policy, the electricity needed for the production of EVs will need to come from thermal power plants, emitting large amounts of CO2. Furthermore, he stated that for Toyota to achieve carbon-neutrality, it will have to move its manufacturing out of Japan, to France for example, which has larger nuclear and renewables energy proportion compared to Japan.
Report from Reuters in Mar 2021 also suggests that Akio Toyoda has advocated for the transition of the national energy mix with increase in renewables, in order to support the decarbonization of the auto industry manufacturing in the country. In 2020, in its position statemen on the 2021 tax reform, JAMA however appears to support policy with a mixed impact on the transition of the transport vehicles - demanding extension of tax exemption scheme for greening vehicles and increasing hydrogen transport infrastructure, but also suggesting vehicle weight tax should be abolished for the foreseeable future.

Industry Association Governance: JAMA appears to have disclosed its board and general members. JAMA has only described its position on climate change policies in broad terms, without referencing specific policy items or describing engagement activities undertaken by the organization. It has disclosed some information regarding its climate change positions and direct engagement on climate relevant policy issues.  

Main Web Site Social Media CDP Responses Legislative Consultations Media Reports CEO Messaging Financial Disclosures
Communication of Climate Science
1 2 NA NS NS 2 NA
Alignment with IPCC on Climate Action
0 0 NA NS 0 0 NA
Supporting the Need for Regulations
Support of UN Climate Process
Transparency on Legislation
Carbon Tax
Emissions Trading
Energy and Resource Efficiency
1 NS NA NS -1 -1 NA
Renewable Energy
0 NS NA 0 NS 1 NA
Energy Transition & Zero Carbon Technologies
1 -1 NA 1 0 0 NA
GHG Emission Regulation
1 NS NA -2 -2 -2 NA
Disclosure on Relationships