Japan Business Federation (Keidanren)

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東京, 日本

Climate Lobbying Overview: The Japanese Business Federation (Keidanren) has lobbied negatively on most strands of climate change regulation in Japan. This is significant as many Japanese corporations defer their political engagement to trade associations, of which Keidanren is probably the most powerful and influential.

Top-line Messaging on Climate Policy: In 2019 through its proposal on Japan’s long term strategy under the Paris Agreement, Keidanren advocated for a voluntary sector action plan with a focus on technological innovation to achieve emission reduction, while in 2018 it appeared to oppose government regulation against climate change in its statement at a MoE committee meeting. In 2021, in a presentation to a METI subcommittee, Keidanren appear to show some support for government regulation but only to set up market-based solutions on climate, calling for general policies including tax support and regulatory reform to promote infrastructure expansion and zero emission energy procurement. In June 2020, Keidanren launched its Challenge Zero initiative, emphasizing the role of voluntary, business-led technology innovation in decarbonization. Despite the "zero" in the Challenge Zero initiative, it does not state numerical nor mandatory targets (dates or emissions intensity) for the companies participating.
In 2019, Keidanren supported the need for global reduction of greenhouse gases including Japan’s mid-term NDC target to 2030 in its position statement on the electricity system reform. However, in its public consultation response in May 2019 on the long-term growth strategy under Paris agreement, Keidanren appears to oppose the use of a explicit longer term GHG emission target, pushing instead for a “vision”. Media reports (Tokyo Web) in 2019 suggest the organization was influential in advocating this position at a government committee meeting, influencing the outcome of the final strategy.
In 2020, through its announcement of the Challenge Zero Initiative, Keidanren appears to generally support the Paris agreement goals including a net zero target, although it does not give a specific timeline, only stating “at the earliest possible date” and through deploying “innovative technologies”. In the same year, Keidanren stated broad support for Japan’s NDC target in its statement on post-corona recovery, however suggesting this should be achieved by voluntary initiatives with government backing and technology innovation. In October 2020, Keidanren’s chairman stated support for Japan’s target for carbon neutrality by 2050 in a presentation to the cabinet office. However, he suggested this should be led by innovative technology solutions.

Engagement with Climate-Related Regulations: Since opposing the inclusion of an emissions trading scheme in the Ministry of the Environment’s (MoEJ) Plan for Global Warming Countermeasures under the Paris Agreement in 2016, Keidanren has consistently opposed explicit carbon pricing policy and carbon taxes, including at a MoE subcommittee meeting in 2018, in a position statement on the Basic Energy Plan in the same year, and in its 2019 position statement on tax reform. However, in 2021, Keidanren’s chair appears to suggest in a press conference that discussion on carbon price should not be held from the position of assumed energy cost increase, but that tax related to energy should be reorganized to allow positive outcomes for companies, and stated in 2021 that further discussion should take place on how such tax will be utilized.

Positioning on Energy Transition: In 2018, Keidanren’s Chairman stated that climate change mitigation policy relates directly to energy policy, which requires balanced consideration including economic competitiveness of Japan, and that any measures to increase the cost of energy will disrupt this balance thus should not be implemented. At a MoE committee meeting in 2019, Keidanren appears to disagree that environment should be considered above the economy within the S+3E of the energy policy. In 2021, in its presentation to METI’s Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy, Keidanren appears to support energy transition with major exceptions that balance of S+3E be maintained. They have advocated for a mix of energy sources including nuclear and thermal coal to ensure low cost and secure supply. Keidanren has remained in favor of a prolonged role for coal in the energy mix, both domestically and across Asia. In 2019, through its public comment submitted to METI on the long-term growth strategy under Paris agreement, Keidanren explicitly opposed the inclusion of the statement for the abolition or ban on the construction of new coal-fired power plants. Media report (Tokyo Web) from May 2019 suggests that Keidanren advocated to water down the statement within the strategy to "reduced dependence" on coal rather than its abolishment. The same media report suggests that Keidanren appeared to opposed the halting of international investment into coal power, but instead to "invest in line with Paris aligned GHG emission goals". Keidanren has traditionally emphasized the financial burden of measures to boost renewable energy, including in its public comment to the 5th Basic Energy Mix proposal in 2018. In 2019, Keidanren appears to show some degree of support towards promoting renewable energy, but on the condition that this fulfils the requirements of “low-cost” and “stable” energy. In 2021, at a METI committee meeting, Keidanren advocated for the continued use of "high efficiency" coal power while phasing out older inefficient plants, to support introduction of greater renewable energy and securing a role for nuclear in the energy mix.
In February 2021 Keidanren appears to support renewable energy and its introduction as the main power source but states the need for reform to the legislation including review of the FIT system to bring down costs. Through a position statement in 2020 on post-Covid-19 economic recovery, it appears to support decarbonization of the energy system through measures including mainstreaming of renewable energy, although no specific timescale for the transition is given.
In April 2021 in response to Japan’s renewed NDC target, the Chairman of Keidanren appears to suggest support for an energy transition pathway that includes an increase in renewables and nuclear. He also suggests the need to upgrade the energy grid system, improve energy efficiency through the application of Best Available Technology (BAT), business transition, policy support and ESG investment to realize decarbonization. However, there is some ambiguity regarding the pace and extent of this transition and its alignment with IPCC recommendations.

Main Web Site Social Media CDP Responses Legislative Consultations Media Reports CEO Messaging Financial Disclosures EU Register
Communication of Climate Science
Alignment with IPCC on Climate Action
0 0 NA 0 0 0 NA NA
Supporting the Need for Regulations
0 -1 NA 0 -2 -1 NA NA
Support of UN Climate Process
0 0 NA 0 0 1 NA NA
Transparency on Legislation
Carbon Tax
-1 -1 NA -1 0 0 NA NA
Emissions Trading
-2 -2 NA -1 -1 NS NA NA
Energy and Resource Efficiency
0 0 NA 0 NS NS NA NA
Renewable Energy
0 -1 NA 0 0 0 NA NA
Energy Transition & Zero Carbon Technologies
0 0 NA 0 -1 0 NA NA
GHG Emission Regulation
-1 -1 NA -1 -1 0 NA NA
Disclosure on Relationships