Japan Business Federation (Keidanren)

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Tokyo, Japan

The Japanese Business Federation (Keidanren) has lobbied negatively on most strands of climate change regulation in Japan and appears to be supporting high GHG energy mix with sustained use of coal and other fossil fuels in Japan and South East Asia. This is significant as many Japanese corporations defer their political engagement to trade associations, of which Keidanren is probably the most powerful and influential. Keidanren has emphasized the financial burden of measures to boost renewable energy and in 2016 former Chairman Sadayuki Sakakibara called for an overhaul of Japan’s feed-in tariff scheme to reduce costs. More recently in 2019 Keidanren appears to have shifted towards showing some support towards renewable energy but with the exception that it can fulfil various requirements. Keidanren also supports restarting of nuclear power plants. In 2016- 2017, Keidanren appears to have opposed making a long-term GHG emission reduction target of 80% by 2050 an international commitment for Japan. In 2019 Keidanren lobbied for non-binding emission reduction “vision” or “goal” rather than a binding long-term target. In 2016, Keidanren opposed the inclusion of an emissions trading scheme in the Ministry of the Environment’s (MOEJ) Plan for Global Warming Countermeasures under the Paris Agreement. In 2018, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) proposed the 5th Basic Energy Plan where Keidanren has directly advocated against an explicit carbon tax, having argued that it could decrease the international competitiveness of Japanese companies and generate carbon leakage. In 2019 Keidanren reiterated this view in its proposal for long-term growth strategy under the Paris Agreement. Here, Keidanren also advocated not to commit to de-carbonize the energy mix through moving away from coal but to reduce dependency on it by 2050.

QUESTIONS SOURCES Main Web Site Social Media CDP Responses Legislative Consultations Media Reports CEO Messaging Financial Disclosures EU Register
Climate Science Transparency 1 NS NA NS NS NS NA NA
Climate Science Stance 0 -1 NA NS NS NS NA NA
Need for Climate Regulation -1 NS NA -1 NS NS NA NA
UN Treaty Support 0 0 NA 0 0 1 NA NA
Transparency on Legislation 1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NS
Carbon Tax -1 -1 NA -1 -1 0 NA NA
Emissions Trading -2 -2 NA -2 -1 NS NA NA
Energy Efficiency Standards 0 1 NA NS NS NS NA NA
Renewable Energy Legislation 0 -1 NA 0 -2 0 NA NA
Energy Policy and Mix 0 0 NA -1 -1 0 NA NA
GHG Emission Standards -1 -1 NA -2 -1 0 NA NA
Disclosure on Relationships 2 NA NA NA NA NA NA 1
Climate Lobbying Governance NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS