American Petroleum Institute (API)

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Washington DC, United States

The API has consistently advocated against the role of the US government in tackling climate change. In 2015 API President Jack Gerald argued that President Obama’s support of the Paris climate change summit was driven by "narrow political ideology" and, since the 2016 US election, the group has heavily promoted a deregulatory agenda in the country, suggesting it is more important than further action on climate change. In 2018, the API continued to lobby the US EPA for a broad a reconsideration of its approach to increasing emission limits and regulation and in 2019 maintains its position of opposition to the role of government policy in defining the US energy mix. In 2019, the API has refrained from taking a position on a US carbon tax despite it being backed by some of API’s largest members, and instead, President Mike Sommers has emphasised the importance of voluntary emission reductions in press briefings. In 2017, former API President Jack Gerard stated that the API doesn’t have a position on a US carbon tax because he didn’t believe it would be given “serious consideration” in the House or Senate. The organisation has, however, opposed carbon pricing regulation in the past; in 2016, an API spokesperson claimed that the organisation “had a long history opposing carbon taxes.” The API appears to oppose direct regulation of methane. Since 2016, the organisation has relentlessly pursued the removal or weakening of Bureau of Land Management's regulation of methane as well as the EPA’s New Source Performance Standards for oil and gas sector emissions. In 2017, API lobbied in favour of reconsidering previously agreed US vehicle emission standards for 2021-2025, which the Trump administration has since moved to roll back. The API has also funded research that calls into question the link between air pollution and health impacts that was subsequently used in 2018 by the automotive sector to support the case for weaker vehicle emission rules. In 2018, the API remained actively opposed to tax credits, mandates or subsidies to help incentivize electric vehicles. This includes directly lobbying the US House, the US Senate and a number of US State Governors calling on them to reject such policies. The API has also continually lobbied for the repeal or reform of US renewable fuel standards and has lobbied heavily in favour of measures that will help maintain a high GHG energy mix, for example, the removal of restrictions on unconventional oil and gas production, including in the Arctic.

QUESTIONS SOURCES Main Web Site Social Media CDP Responses Legislative Consultations Media Reports CEO Messaging Financial Disclosures EU Register
Climate Science Transparency -2 NS NA -2 -2 NS NA NA
Climate Science Stance NS -1 NA -2 NS -1 NA NA
Need for Climate Regulation -1 NS NA -1 -1 -1 NA NA
UN Treaty Support NS 0 NA NS 0 0 NA NA
Transparency on Legislation -1 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Carbon Tax NS NS NA NS 0 0 NA NA
Emissions Trading NS -1 NA NS NS -1 NA NA
Energy Efficiency Standards NS NS NA -2 -2 NS NA NA
Renewable Energy Legislation -2 -1 NA -1 -1 NS NA NA
Energy Policy and Mix -1 -1 NA -1 -1 -1 NA NA
GHG Emission Standards -2 -1 NA -1 -1 -2 NA NA
Disclosure on Relationships 0 NS NA NA NA NA NA NA
Climate Lobbying Governance NS NS NS NS NS NS NS NS